Population Dynamics

The Wittgenstein Centre’s focus in the area of “Population Dynamics” clearly is on the integration of education and population. This is expressed in the claim that education has to be added by default as the third major determinant of demographic change next to age and sex in the context of population projections. Women with higher education almost universally have fewer children, education is associated with better health and lower mortality, as well as differences in migration patterns. Hence, our picture of the future World greatly depends on further progress being made in the area of education, particularly of women in today’s high fertility contexts. Methodologically, existing tools of multi-state cohort-component analysis can be applied to achieve this integration and thus add the “quality dimension” to our assessment of what the future will look like. However, WIC scholars have also contributed greatly to the further development of existing methods, for example in quantifying global international migration flows, or by collecting existing expert-knowledge to come up with consistent, area-specific scenarios of future fertility and mortality.

 

Key concepts

1) Estimating migration and applying statistical methods to better forecast components of population change

2) Analysis of the influence of education (human capital) on population dynamics in Europe (population ageing) and in other settings e.g. on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa

3) Population Dynamics & Economic Growth

The Wittgenstein Centre aspires to be a world leader in the advancement of demographic methods and their application to the analysis of human capital and population dynamics. It is a collaboration among the World Population Program of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), the Vienna Institute of Demography of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (VID/ÖAW) and the Demography Group and the Research Institute on Human Capital and Development of the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU).

Wittgenstein Centre Partner: WU Wittgenstein Centre Partner: OEAW Wittgenstein Centre Partner: IIASA